The first type of Monarchianism to threaten the Church was called modalistic monarchianism. This view was linked to an old form of pantheism that saw all the world or reality as a mode or level of God’s being
In the fourth century the church faced a new heresy cloaked in a different form of monarchianism, called dynamic monarchianism. It was “dynamic” in that involved a kind of movement or change. In this view Jesus was not eternal God, but he “became” God via adoption. This view was championed by Arius.
The Father sends the Son and the Holy Spirit. The Son enters the arena of this world by incarnation voluntarily. He is no reluctant Redeemer. The Holy Spirit applies the work to us for our salvation. The Spirit does not chafe at doing the Father’s bidding. The Father is pleased to send the Son and the Spirit into the world, and they are please to carry out their respective missions.
We human beings do have the natural ability, however, to make choices. We have been given the necessary natural equipment. We have a mind that can process information and understand the obligations imposed by the Law of God. We have a will that enables us to choose what we want to do. Prior to the Fall we also had a good intention, enabling us to choose the good. It is precisely this inclination to the good that was lost in the Fall. Original sin does not destroy our humanity or our ability to make choices. The natural ability or faculty remains intact. What was lost is the good intention or righteous desire for obedience. The unregenerate person is not inclined to obey God. He has no love for God that stirs his will to choose God.
Reformed theology understand the golden chain as follows: From all eternity God foreknew the elect. He had an idea of their identity in His mind before He created them. He foreknew them not only in the sense of having a prior idea of their identities, but also of foreloving them. When the Bible speaks of “knowing”, it often distinguishes between a simple mental awareness of a person and a deep intimate love of a person. The Reformed view teaches that all whom God has foreknown, He has also predestined to be inwardly called, justified and glorified. God sovereignly brings to pass the salvation of His elect and only of His elect.
People reject the natural knowledge of God, This rejection, however, does not annihilate either the revelation or the knowledge itself. The sin of mankind is in refusing to acknowledge the knowledge that they have. They act against the truth that God reveals and they clearly receive